Read the passage with the notes.
15 For this reason, ever since I heard about your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all God’s people, 16 I have not stopped giving thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers.17 I keep asking that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit[f] of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know him better. 18 I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened in order that you may know the hope to which he has called you, the riches of his glorious inheritance in his holy people, 19 and his incomparably great power for us who believe. That power is the same as the mighty strength 20 he exerted when he raised Christ from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms, 21 far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is invoked, not only in the present age but also in the one to come. 22 And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church,23 which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything in every way.
1:15-17 Paul expresses his joy over the believers but also makes it clear he continues to keep them in his prayers, mainly to grow in knowledge. Paul affirms once again who God is and continues to pray for wisdom and revelation of who God is. This is not so much a prayer to gain knowledge about God, but for a shift of their complete understanding of who God is, to understand His very character.
1:18-19 The prayer continues to have eyes enlightened for three reasons: hope (what we can rest our hope in, resting in who God is), inheritance (the fullness of what we are to receive in Christ through the adoption), and power (His power that He bestows upon us who believe).
1:20-21 Christ not only was raised from the dead, the lowest place, but raised to the highest place: the right hand of God in heaven. Jesus was seated in that highest place to reign over every natural and supernatural thing. Jesus has accomplished all things and now sits, resting in the heavenly places.
1:22 Here is the fulfillment of the prophetic promise made in Genesis 3:15 of the seed of Eve to crush the feet of Satan.
1:23 Just as Jesus is the head of the church, the church and Christ complete one another. Christ has conquered death in the past, will reign over all from now into the future, and is currently the fullness and the head of the Church.